20181140336Nozzle Displacement Effects on Two-Phase Ejector Performance: An Experimental Study22Experimental results of two-phase ejector operation with refrigerant R134a as working fluid are presented in this paper. The tests carried out allowed evaluating the influence of the primary nozzle position in the mixing chamber and of operating conditions such as the thermodynamic state of the fluid at the inlet and outlet of the ejector. Various positions of the primary nozzle were tested and the operating conditions ranges were: primary inlet pressure 8.8-14.9 bars, subcooling 0.2-5 °C and ejector outlet pressure 3.7-4.7 bars. The tests have shown an optimal position of the primary nozzle (NXP=38.1 mm) in the ejector but this position was not very sensitive to operational conditions. The performance of the ejector dropped sharply when the nozzle was placed right at the inlet of the constant-area section in the mixing chamber. Pressures at the primary inlet and outlet had a limited impact on the entrainment ratio (<10%), but it was found that the level of subcooling at the inlet of the primary flow had an important influence on the entrainment ratio with a variations of about 66%. Pressure monitoring inside the ejector showed a strong relation between NXP and pressure variations in the mixing section and the diffuser.817823K.AmeurCanmet ENERGY, Natural Resources Canada, Varennes, Qc, J3X1S6, CanadaCanmet ENERGY, Natural Resources Canada, Varennes, Qc, J3X1S6, Canadapayskhaled.ameur@canada.caZ.AidounCanmet ENERGY, Natural Resources Canada, Varennes, Qc, J3X1S6, CanadaCanmet ENERGY, Natural Resources Canada, Varennes, Qc, J3X1S6, Canadapayszine.aidoun@canada.caExperiments Two-phase Ejector R134a NXP.[Ameur, K., Z. Aidoun, M. Ouzzane (2016), Analysis of the Critical Conditions and the Effect of Slip in Two-Phase Ejectors, J. Applied Fluid Mechanics 9, Special Issue 2. 213–222.##
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]Modeling and Simulation of an Oxygen-Blown Bubbling Fluidized Bed Gasifier using the Computational Particle-Fluid Dynamics (CPFD) Approach22Fluidized beds are conventional components of many industrial processes, such as coal gasification for energy generation and syngas production. Numerical simulations help to properly design and understand the complex multiphase flows occurring in these reactors. Two modeling approaches are usually adopted to simulate multiphase flows: the two fluids Eulerian-Eulerian model and the continuous/discrete Eulerian-Lagrangian model. Since fluidized beds account for an extremely large number of particles, tracking each of them could not assure to get results within a reasonable computational time. The Computational Particle-Fluid Dynamics (CPFD) approach, which belongs to the Eulerian-Lagrangian models class, groups together particles with similar key parameters (e.g. composition, size) into computational units (parcels). Parcel collisions are modeled by an isotropic solid stress function, depending on solid volume fraction. In this paper, the bubbling fluidized bed (BFB) upstream gasifier of the EU research infrastructure ZECOMIX (Zero Emissions of Carbon with Mixed technologies) has been simulated using a CPFD approach via Barracuda® software. The effect of different fluidizing agent injection strategies on bed bubbling and mixing, for non-reacting cases, has been studied. The numerical results for a reacting case have been compared to the available experimental data, gathered during the coal gasification campaign. The model has proved to be very useful in the choice of the more efficient injection configuration that assures a more effective contact of the gas with the solid bed and a good bubbling fluidization regime, together with a satisfactory prediction of the outlet gas composition. The numerical approach has turned out to be robust and time-saving and allowed to dramatically reduce the computational cost with respect the classical two fluids Eulerian-Eulerian models.825834A.Di NardoENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Rome, via Anguillarese 301, 00123, ItalyENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Rome, via Anguillarese 301, 00123, Italypaysdinardanton@gmail.comG.CalchettiENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Rome, via Anguillarese 301, 00123, ItalyENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Rome, via Anguillarese 301, 00123, Italypaysgiameone@gmail.comS.StendardoENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Rome, via Anguillarese 301, 00123, ItalyENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Rome, via Anguillarese 301, 00123, Italypaysstefano.stendardo@enea.itFluidized bed gasifier CPFD method Multiphase flows.[Andrews, J., P. J., O'Rourke (1996). The multiphase particle-in-cell (Mp-Pic) method for dense particulate flows. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 22, 379-402.##
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]2-D CFD Computations of the Two-Bladed Darrieus-Type Wind Turbine22In spite of the attractiveness of CFD methods and advanced measurement methods, there is still no full analysis of aerodynamic blade loads for vertical axis Darrieus-type wind turbines. Due to an inherently unsteady flow around the rotor blades, blade-wake-blade interaction and the occurrence of dynamic stall, the aerodynamics of this type of wind turbine is very complex. A two-bladed rotor have been investigated numerically for the tip speed ratio of 5.0. This paper compares results for aerodynamic blade loads obtained applying such turbulence models as: the standard k-ε; the RNG k-ε; the Realizable k-ε and the SST k-ω. As a result, quantitative instantaneous blade forces as well as instantaneous wake profiles behind the rotor have been obtained. Aerodynamic wake behind the rotor is also visualized by using streak lines. All CFD results are compared with experimental data taken from literature. Good agreement between the numerical results and the experiment is shown for the aerodynamic blade loads as well as for aerodynamic wake behind the rotor.835845K.RogowskiInstitute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, 00-665, PolandInstitute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, 00-665, Polandpayskrogowski@meil.pw.edu.plM. O. L.HansenDTU Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, 2800 Kgs., DenmarkDTU Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, 2800 Kgs., Denmarkpaysmolh@dtu.dkP.LichotaInstitute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, 00-665, PolandInstitute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, 00-665, Polandpaysplichota@meil.pw.edu.plWind turbine Aerodynamic blade loads Aerodynamic wake Streak line.[Allet, A., S. Hallé and I. Paraschivoiu (1999). Numerical Simulations of Dynamic Stall Around an Airfoil in Darrieus Motion. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering 121(1), 69-76.##
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]Numerical Investigations on Unsteady Flow past Two Identical Inline Square Cylinders Oscillating Transversely with Phase Difference22Two-dimensional numerical investigations have been carried out to study the temporal wake characteristics of laminar flow past two identical inline square cylinders performing transverse oscillations. Both the cylinders are forced to perform harmonic oscillations of same frequency and amplitude but with a phase difference. Computations are carried out using commercial software ANSYS Fluent 16.1 on a dynamically sliding mesh for fixed Reynolds number equal to 100. The oscillation frequency is varied from 0.4 to 1.6 times the frequency of vortex shedding behind a single stationary square cylinder. The amplitude of transverse oscillation is kept fixed equal to 0.4D (D = side of the cylinder). In addition, the effect of variation of inter-cylinder spacing has been investigated on wake interference which influences the modes of vortex shedding and resulting dynamic effects on the cylinders. Temporal signals as well as mean characteristics of lift and drag coefficients have been presented for different values of inter-cylinder spacing, phase difference between the two cylinders and frequency of oscillation.847859M. G.MithunDepartment of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamilnadu, 600036, IndiaDepartment of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamilnadu, 600036, Indiapaysmg.mithun@gmail.comP.KumarDepartment of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamilnadu, 600036, IndiaDepartment of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamilnadu, 600036, Indiapaysprashant98.nith@gmail.comS.TiwariDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Madras, Chennai, 600036, IndiaDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Madras, Chennai, 600036, Indiapaysshaligt@iitm.ac.inTransversely oscillating square cylinders Phase difference Wake characteristics Wake interference Modes of vortex shedding[Bearman, P. W. and D. M. Trueman (1972). Investigation of flow around rectangular cylinders. Aeronautical Quarterly 23(3), 229–237.##
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]Effects of Gas Cross-over through the Membrane on Water Management in the Cathode and Anode Sides of PEM Fuel Cell22Water management in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is numerically modeled by considering the 2D, non-isothermal steady flow assumptions. Governing equations are solved in all cell layers including cathode and anode electrodes by finite volume method using a single-region approach. The effect of gas cross-over through the membrane is studied on cell performance. This consideration, not only improves the general accuracy of modeling but also makes it possible to model energy losses due to direct reaction of reactant gases. The effect of some key variables such as liquid water diffusivity, current density, membrane thickness, etc. on PEMFC conditions such as the amount of saturated liquid water, power density, cell temperature, cross-over efficiency and so on are examined. It was observed that the amount of saturated liquid water on the anode side is considerably important. This observation addresses needs for further investigation of liquid water behavior in the anode electrode. The amount of liquid water saturation in both the cathode and anode electrodes is increased with increasing the current density. The results showed that at the current density of 0.2 A/cm2, cross-over effect causes about 10% reduction in cell efficiency and by decreasing the current density this effect is enhanced.861875K.MohammadzadehDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 14115-111, IranDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 14115-111, Iranpayskazem.mohammadzadeh@modares.ac.irH.KhaleghiDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 14115-111, IranDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 14115-111, Iranpayskhaleghi@modares.ac.irH. R.Khadem AbolfazliDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 14115-111, IranDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, 14115-111, Iranpayskhadem.abolfazli@jafmonline.netM.SeddiqSchool of Mathematical and Computer Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, United KingdomSchool of Mathematical and Computer Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, United Kingdompaysseddiq@jafmonline.net: Numerical investigation PEMFC Water Management at the anode Gas cross-over through the membrane.[Anderson, M., Beale, S. B., Espinoza, M., Wu, Z. and Lehnert, W. (2016). A review of cell-scale multiphase ﬂow modeling, including water management, in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, Applied Energy 180, 757–778.##
Anderson, R., Zhang, L., Ding, Y., Blanco, M., Bi, X. and Wilkinson, D.P. (2010). A critical review of two-phase flow in gas flow channels of proton exchange membrane fuel cells, Journal of Power Sources 195, 4531-4553.##
Ashraﬁ, M. and Shams, M., (2017). The eﬀects of ﬂow-ﬁeld orientation on water management in PEM fuel cells with serpentine channels, Applied Energy 208, 1083-1096.##
Bernardi, D. M. and Verbrugge, M. W. (1992). A Mathematical Model of the Solid- Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cell, Journal of The Electrochemical Society 139, 2477-2491.##
Cai, Y., Yang, T., Sui, P. C. and Xiao, J. (2016) A numerical investigation on the effects of water inlet location and channel surface properties on water transport in PEMFC cathode channels, International journal of hydrogen energy 41 , 16220-16229.##
Djilali, N. (2007). Computational modelling of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells: Challenges and opportunities, Energy 32, 269-280.##
Ferreira, R. B., Falcão, D. S., Oliveira, V. B. and Pinto, A.M.F.R. (2015). Numerical simulations of two-phase flow in an anode gas channel of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell, Energy 82, 619-628.##
Ferreira, R. B., Falcão, D. S., Oliveira, V. B. and Pinto, A.M.F.R. (2015). Numerical simulations of two-phase flow in proton exchange membrane fuel cells using the volume of fluid method – A review, Journal of Power Sources 277, 329-342.##
Ge, S. and Wang, C. Y. (2007). Liquid water formation and transport in the PEFC anode, Journal of The Electrochemical Society 154, B998-B1005.##
Gurau, V., Liu, H. and Kakaç, S. (1998). Two-dimensional model for proton exchange membrane fuel cells, AIChE Journal 44, 2410-2422.##
Hou, Y., Zhang, G., Qin, Y., Du, Q. and Jiao, K. (2017). Numerical simulation of gas liquid two-phase flow in anode channel of low-temperature fuel cells, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 42, 3250-3258.##
Hu, M., Gu, A., Wang, M., Zhu, X. and Yu, L. (2004). Three dimensional, two phase flow mathematical model for PEM fuel cell: Part I. Model development, Energy Conversion and Management 45, 1861-1882.##
Hwang, J. J. (2007). A complete two-phase model of a porous cathode of a PEM fuel cell, Journal of Power Sources 164, 174-181.##
Lee, D. and Bae, J. (2012). Visualization of flooding in a single cell and stacks by using a newly-designed transparent PEMFC, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37, 422-435.##
Meng, H. (2007). A two-phase non-isothermal mixed-domain PEM fuel cell model and its application to two-dimensional simulations, Journal of Power Sources 168, 218-228.##
Natarajan, D. and Van Nguyen, T. (2001). A two-dimensional, two-phase, multicomponent, transient model for the cathode of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell using conventional gas distributors, Journal of The Electrochemical Society 148, A1324-A1335.##
Pasaogullari, U. and Wang, C. Y. (2004). Two-phase transport and the role of micro-porous layer in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, Electrochimica Acta 49, 4359-4369.##
Pasaogullari, U. and Wang, C. Y. (2005). Two-phase modeling and flooding prediction of polymer electrolyte fuel cells, Journal of The Electrochemical Society 152, A380-A390.##
Rajan, A., Garg, A., Vijayaraghavan, V., Kuang, Y. C., Ooi, M. P. ,(2018) Parameter optimization of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell using moment-based uncertainty evaluation technique, Journal of Energy Storage 15, 8-16.##
Seddiq, M., Khaleghi H. and Mirzaei, M. (2006). Numerical analysis of gas cross-over through the membrane in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell, Journal of Power Sources 161, 371-379.##
Sergi, J. M. and Kandlikar, S. G. (2011). Quantification and characterization of water coverage in PEMFC gas channels using simultaneous anode and cathode visualization and image processing, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 36, 12381-12392.##
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Wang, L., Husar, A., Zhou, T., Liu, H. (2003). A parametric study of PEM fuel cell performances, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 28, 1263–1272.##
Weber, A. Z., Borup, R. L., Darling, R. M., Das, P. K., Dursch, T. J., Gu, W., Harvey, D., Kusoglu, A., Litster, S., Mench, M. M., Mukundan, R., Owejan, J. P., Pharoah, J. G., Secanell, M. and Zenyuk, I. V. (2014). A Critical Review of Modeling Transport Phenomena in Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cells, Journal of The Electrochemical Society 161, F1254-F1299.##
Xing, L., Du, S., Chen, R., Mamlouk M. and Scott, K. (2016). Anode partial flooding modelling of proton exchange membrane fuel cells: Model development and validation, Energy 96, 80-95.##
Zhang, G., Fan, L., Sun, J. and Jiao, K. (2017). A 3D model of PEMFC considering detailed multiphase ﬂow and anisotropic transport properties, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 115, 714–724.##
]Large Scale Fluctuations in an Axisymmetric Sudden Pipe Expansion with Large Aspect Ratio22The aim of the present work is the investigation of the turbulent flow field downstream of an axisymmetric sudden expansion with a large aspect ratio of D/d = 12,3. For the fundamentally understanding of the flow some numerical results are presented. They were achieved by using the RANS approach and SST turbulence model. The flow field is characterized by a jet-like flow near the nozzle exit and a large toroidal recirculation zone. The x-component of the velocity u was measured using one-component laser Doppler velocimetry. Axial and radial velocity distributions as well as some velocity spectra were measured. The spectra were calculated from the velocity signal using the Sample-And-Hold method together with the refinement technique. At the axial half length of the recirculation zone at the edge of the jet flow a narrow band peak was observed in spectra, suggesting the existence of large-scale fluctuations or instability of the flow field. Further investigations reveal that this effect is locally limited and shows no sensitivity against changes of the inlet conditions, e.g. the Reynolds number and velocity profile.877883A.RinglebInstitute of Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Saxony, 09126, GermanyInstitute of Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Saxony, 09126, Germanypaysansgar.ringleb@online.deW.SchlüterFaculty of Engineering Sciences, Ansbach University of Applied Sciences, Ansbach, Bavaria, 91522, GermanyFaculty of Engineering Sciences, Ansbach University of Applied Sciences, Ansbach, Bavaria, 91522, Germanypayswolfgang.schlueter@hs-ansbach.deO.SommerInstitute of Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Saxony, 09126, GermanyInstitute of Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Saxony, 09126, Germanypaysoliver.sommer@mb.tu-chemnitz.deG.WozniakInstitute of Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Saxony, 091Institute of Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, GermanyInstitute of Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Saxony, 091Institute of Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germanypaysguenter.wozniak@mb.tu-chemnitz.deAxisymmetric sudden pipe expansion Laser Doppler velocimetry Sample-and-Hold Incompressible turbulent flow Large scale fluctuations Narrow-band peak spectra.[Adrian R. J. and C. S. Yao (1987). Power spectra of fluid velocities measured by laser doppler velocimetry. Exp Fluids 5, 17-28.##
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Ringleb, A., W., Schlüter and G. Wozniak (2016). Simulation von Strahlströmungen mittels des SST-Turbulenzmodells, ASIM 2016 - 22th Symposium Simulationstechnik, Dresden/ Germany, 7.-9. Sept., 201-206 ##
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]CFD Investigation on the Steady Interaction between an Offset Jet and an Oblique Wall Jet22In this paper a CFD investigation on the interaction between an offset jet and an oblique wall jet using two-dimensional steady RANS equations is performed. This combination is denoted WOJ (Wall Offset jets). Several turbulence models such as the standard k-ω, SST k-ω, standard k-ε, RNG k-ε and realizable k-ε models are tested in the present study. A parametric study is performed to highlight the wall inclination effect on the WOJ flow maximum velocity decay as well as the shear layers spreading. Comparison between combined wall and offset jet (WOJ) and single offset jet (SOJ) flows is also established. Results show that increasing the wall inclination improves the combined wall and offset jets flow spreading. Furthermore, the outer shear layers spreading, is better than the inner shear layers one. Comparing to the combined wall and offset jet flow (WOJ), a better spreading is found in the case of single offset jet flow (SOJ).885894N.HnaienNational Engineering School of Monastir, Unite of Metrology and Energy Systems, 5000 Rue Ibn Jazzar, Monastir 5035 Monastir, TunisiaNational Engineering School of Monastir, Unite of Metrology and Energy Systems, 5000 Rue Ibn Jazzar, Monastir 5035 Monastir, Tunisiapayshnaien_nidhal@yahoo.frS.MarzoukUnit of Metrology And Energy Systems, National Engineering School of Monastir, University of Monastir, TunisiaUnit of Metrology And Energy Systems, National Engineering School of Monastir, University of Monastir, Tunisiapayssaloua.marzouk@issatgb.rnu.tnL.KolsiCollege of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Department, Haïl University, Saudi ArabiaCollege of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Department, Haïl University, Saudi Arabiapayslioua_enim@yahoo.frA. A. A. A.Al-RashedDepartment. of Automotive and Marine Engineering Technology, College of Technological Studies, The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, KuwaitDepartment. of Automotive and Marine Engineering Technology, College of Technological Studies, The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, Kuwaitpaysaaa.alrashed@yahoo.comH.Ben AissiaUnit of Metrology And Energy Systems, National Engineering School of Monastir, University of Monastir, TunisiaUnit of Metrology And Energy Systems, National Engineering School of Monastir, University of Monastir, Tunisiapayshabib_enim@hotmail.frJ.JayThermal Center of Lyon (CETHIL - UMR CNRS 5008), INSA Lyon, FranceThermal Center of Lyon (CETHIL - UMR CNRS 5008), INSA Lyon, Francepaysjacques.jay@insa-lyon.frCombined jets Inclination Maximum velocity Shear layer Steady RANS Turbulent flow[Kumar A. (2015), Mean flow characteristics of a turbulent dual jet consisting of a plane wall jet and a parallel offset jet. Computers and fluids. 114. 48–65. ##
Kumar A. and M. K. Das (2011), Study of a turbulent dual jet consisting of a wall jet and an offset jet. Journal Fluids Eng. 133.1201-1211.##
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Modal T., A. Guha and Das (2015), Computational Study of periodically unsteady interaction between a wall jet and offset jet for various velocity ratio. Computers and fluids 123.146-161.##
Modal T., A. Guha, M. K. Das (2016), Effect of bottom wall proximity ion the unsteady flow structure of a combined turbulent wall jet and offset jet flow. European journal of Mechanics B/Fluids 57. 101-114.##
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Vishnuvardhanarao, E. and M. K. Das (2009), Study of the heat transfer characteristics in turbulent combined wall and offset jet flows. International Journal of Thermal Sciences. 48. 1949–1959.##
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]A Bio-Thermal Convection in Water-Based Nanofluid Containing Gyrotactic Microorganisms: Effect of Vertical Throughflow22The effect of vertical throughflow on the onset of bio-thermal convection in a water-based nanofluid containing gyrotactic microorganisms is investigated using more realistic boundary conditions. The Galerkin weighted residual method is used to obtain numerical solutions of the mathematical model. The effects of bioconvection Rayleigh number, gyrotaxis number, bioconvection Péclet number, Lewis number, Péclet number, particle density increment number, modified diffusitivity ratio, and nanoparticle Rayleigh number on thermal Rayleigh number are examined.The combined effect of Brownian motion and thermophoresis of nanoparticles, vertical throughflow, and gyrotactic microorganisms on the thermal Rayleigh number is found to be destabilizing and its value is decreased by first to third orders of magnitude as compared to regular fluids. Critical wave number is dependent on bioconvection parameters, nanofluid parameters as well as throughflow parameter. The results obtained using passive boundary conditions are compared with those of active boundary conditions. The present study may find applications in seawater convection at the ocean crust.895903S.SainiDepartment of Mathematics, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, Hamirpur, H.P., 177005, IndiaDepartment of Mathematics, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, Hamirpur, H.P., 177005, Indiapaysshivani2291993@gmail.comY. D.SharmaDepartment of Mathematics, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, Hamirpur, H.P., 177005, IndiaDepartment of Mathematics, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, Hamirpur, H.P., 177005, Indiapaysydsnith@gmail.comNanofluid Vertical throughflow Thermophoresis Brownian motion Bio-Thermal convection Gyrotactic microorganism.[Avramenko, A. A. and A. V. Kuznetsov (2006). The onset of convection in a suspension of gyrotactic microorganisms in superimposed fluid and porous layers: effect of vertical throughflow. Trans. Porous Med. 65, 159–176.##
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]Statistical Analysis of Wedge Effect on the Seakeeping of a Planing Hull in Irregular Waves at the Onset of the Planing Region22In the current paper, different experiments are conducted on a high speed planing craft in irregular waves, with and without a wedge. Performance and seakeeping aspects of these planing hulls in the form of trim, rise-up, and resistance in regular waves and heave, pitch, bow, and center of gravity (CG) acceleration in irregular waves are extracted in time series. Irregular waves represent sea state 3 with 12cm height and peak period of 1.66. A model length of 2.63m and 1:5 scale is considered and all data for irregular waves are scaled, as well. The deadrise angle is constant and is taken to be 24 degrees. The targeted experimental tests are conducted for four longitudinal Froude numbers of 1.0, 1.18, 1.37, and 1.57, which are all in the planing regime. The results are analyzed for the mean height of wave, significant wave height, RMS, and spectrum. The comprehensive study of wedges' effects is also presented which indicates that a wedge can decrease the motions and accelerations, exceedingly. Ultimately, the obtained results are compared against those by Fridsma (1971) and Soletic (2010) and it is demonstrated that motions and accelerations are indeed reduced.905918P.GhadimiDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, IranDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iranpaysparviz.ghadimi@gmail.comS.M.SajediDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, IranDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iranpayssajfar1669@aut.ac.irP.TaghikhaniDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, IranDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iranpaysp.taghikhani69@aut.ac.irPlaning hull Experimental seakeeping tests Vertical accelerations Statistical analysis Irregular head sea Wedge[Arai, M., Cheng, L.Y., Inoue, Y., Miyauchi, T. and Ishikawa M. (1995) A Study on Slamming Characteristics and Optimization of Bow Forms of Ships, Proc. 5th Inte. Symp. on Practical Design of Ships and Mobile Units, Seoul, Korea.##
Begovic, E, and C. Bertorello., (2012). Resistance assessment of warped hull forms. J Ocean Eng. 56, 28–42. ##
Begovic, E. C. Bertorello, S. Pennino, V. Piscopo, and A. Scamardella (2016) Statistical analysis of planing hull motions and accelerations in irregular head sea, J Ocean engineering 112 (253-264). ##
Begovic, E., C. Bertorello, and S. Pennino. (2014) Experimental seakeeping assessment of warped planing hull. J Ocean Eng .83, 1–15. ##
Das, S. N, S. Shiraishi, S. K. Das. (2010) Mathematical modeling of sway, roll and yaw motions: order-wise analysis to determine coupled characteristics and numerical simulation for restoring moment’s sensitivity analysis. Acta Mech 213, 305–322.##
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]Performance Enhancement of Centrifugal Compressor with Addition of Splitter Blade Close to Pressure Surface22This paper exemplified a way to increase pressure ratio and improve efficiency with addition of multi splitters in centrifugal impeller with a vaneless diffuser. DDA 404-III back swept impeller of centrifugal compressor, studied through experiment is modified with the addition of splitters blades and a sample impeller is designed and analyzed with big splitter close to pressure surface and small splitter close to suction surface. Keeping all flow conditions and impeller definitions, same as experimentally validated impeller, in order to investigate effects of the location of the splitters between two main blades. It was observed that total pressure ratio is increased from 4.1 to 4.5 with 2 % increase in efficiency with big splitter close to pressure surface of main blade and small splitter close to suction surface of main blade. It was observed that relative Mach number reduces at inlet of modified impeller. 919928A.MalikCollege of Power and Energy Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, ChinaCollege of Power and Energy Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, Chinapaysadilmalik@hrbeu.edu.cnZ.QunCollege of Power and Energy Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, ChinaCollege of Power and Energy Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, Chinapayszhengqun@hrbeu.edu.cnA. A.ZaidiCollege of Power and Energy Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, ChinaCollege of Power and Energy Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, Chinapaysasadali@pnec.nust.edu.pkH.FawzyCollege of Power and Energy Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, ChinaCollege of Power and Energy Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, Chinapayshmzfawzy@hrbeu.edu.cnNumerical simulation Multi splitter blades DDA 404-III Impeller Centrifugal Compressor[Abramian, M. and J. H. G. Howard (1994). Experimental Investigation of the Steady and Unsteady Relative Flow in a Model Centrifugal Impeller Passage. Journal of Turbomachinery 116, 269 - 279##
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]Multi-Objective Optimization of Two-Stage Centrifugal Pump using NSGA-II Algorithm22Improving the efficiency and suction capability of a multistage centrifugal pump poses a major challenge for the designer of this type of equipment. This paper deals with the optimization of a two stage centrifugal pump using Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGA-II), coupled with three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (3D-RANS) flow solver. The first stage comprises a suction impeller with a diffuser while the second stage is formed by a second impeller connected to a volute. Both impellers are of different dimensions and are inter-connected by a return channel. This arrangement increases the number of varying parameters and thus can add further constraints on the overall optimization process; as a result, a high computational complexity of NSGA-II and a higher computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation cost is incurred. In order to save running time, optimization with CFD simulations are performed on each stage separately shall enable to obtain better parameterization flexibility; therefore, permitting to adopt only three objective functions in as well as limiting other geometrical constraints. The objectives of this study are to maximize the head and hydraulic efficiency at a time where the net positive suction head inception (NPSHi) is kept to minimum. The overall efficiency as well as the head of the optimized pump were increased by 9.8% and 15.7%, respectively, at best efficiency point (BEP) (rotational speed N=2600 rpm); the NPSHi of suction impeller was reduced by 13.6%. At N=1450 rpm (BEP), an improvement of 14.9% in the head and 6.52% for the overall efficiency is observed. An important improvement in performance at different operating flow rates was obtained; this was in addition to other enhancements in the volumetric and hydraulic efficiencies. Unsteady CFD simulations were also performed to predict fluctuations in the pressure field, leakage flows and interactions between impellers and collectors. The obtained results were in agreement with experimental data. The head fluctuation of the optimized pump was also reduced by 22.5% in amplitude; this was favored by the presence of a tapered blade towards the trailing edge and the extended radial gap by 4.86% between the second impeller and cutwater, which was caused by the reduction of the impeller diameter.929943M.BenturkiLaboratory of Energetic Mechanics and Conversion Systems, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Process EngineeringLaboratory of Energetic Mechanics and Conversion Systems, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Process Engineeringpaysbentumoh@yahoo.frR.DizeneLaboratory of Energetic Mechanics and Conversion Systems, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Process EngineeringLaboratory of Energetic Mechanics and Conversion Systems, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Process Engineeringpaysr_dizene@gmail.comA.GhenaietLaboratory of Energetic Mechanics and Conversion Systems, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Process EngineeringLaboratory of Energetic Mechanics and Conversion Systems, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Process Engineeringpaysag1964@yahoo.comMulti-objective optimization Two-stage centrifugal pump Unsteady CFD NSGA-II NPSHi.[ANSYS Workbench Platform URL: http://www.ansys.com/Products/Platform.##
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]Influence of Stroke on Performance Characteristics of Synthetic Jet Fan22Synthetic jets, whose size and weight can be reduced easily, have become an attractive alternative to continuous jets. Many experimental and numerical studies have been conducted on synthetic jets to investigate their fundamental flow characteristics, including jet structure, for applied research such as boundary layer control and enhanced fluid mixing. However, few studies have focused on fluid transportation devices using synthetic jets as a driving source. Therefore, several issues concerning fluid transport characteristics still need to be resolved. In addition, although optimum operation of devices using synthetic jets is essential for their practical use, few studies have focused on this issue. The present study experimentally demonstrates the influence of the dimensionless stoke L on the performance characteristics of a synthetic jet fan under Reynolds number Re = 1800 and the same fan geometry; here, the stroke l is nondimensionalized by the primary slot width b. Furthermore, numerical simulations are conducted to complement the experiment. Velocity and pressure measurements are performed using a hot-wire anemometer, differential pressure manometer, and pressure transducer. The influence of the dimensionless stroke L on the performance/efficiency curves, static pressure distribution on the duct surface, and unsteady flow characteristics are investigated. Moreover, the flow field inside the duct is observed through numerical simulation. The results show that the performance characteristics and pressure recovery process depend on the dimensionless stroke L, and an optimum range of dimensionless stroke L exists for operation.
945956K.NishibeDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Tokyo City University, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8557, JapanDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Tokyo City University, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8557, Japanpaysknishibe@tcu.ac.jpY.NomuraGraduate School of Engineering, Tokyo City University, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8557, JapanGraduate School of Engineering, Tokyo City University, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8557, Japanpaysnmr.5059@gmail.comK.NodaGraduate School of Engineering, Tokyo City University, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8557, JapanGraduate School of Engineering, Tokyo City University, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8557, Japanpayskzk.nod@gmail.comH.OhueDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Tokyo City University, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8557, JapanDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Tokyo City University, Setagaya, Tokyo 158-8557, Japanpayshohue@tcu.ac.jpK.SatoDepertment of Mechanical System Engineering, Kogakuin University, Shinjuku, Tokyo 160-0016, JapanDepertment of Mechanical System Engineering, Kogakuin University, Shinjuku, Tokyo 160-0016, Japanpaysat12164@ns.kogakuin.ac.jpSynthetic jets Jet pump Fan performance curve Pressure recovery[Abdou, S. (2014). Synthetic jet micropump. Ph. D. thesis, McMaster University.##
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]Preliminary Experimental Investigation on a Low Profile Magneto-Hydrodynamic Propulsive Blanket, Considering Plasma Generation22The use of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) blanket propulsion system in ships, even with low efficiencies, has particular benefits that can make them an appropriate option for the marine designers. Accordingly, any attempt to increase the efficiency of these systems requires full recognition of their performance in different conditions. In the present study, as a continuation of previous numerical works by the current authors, a magneto-hydrodynamic blanket propulsion system has been built and experimentally studied through examining the MHD forces produced in different voltages. Copper and gold have been used and compared as electrodes and the high advantage of gold has been demonstrated. The effect of electrolysis on the behavior of the blanket is analyzed. It has been demonstrated that although electrolysis restricts high currents in lower voltages (lower than ~140V) and the saturation of hydrogen decreases the MHD forces due to low electrical current (~140V up to ~160V), the saturation of hydrogen around cathode at high voltages (more than ~160V), makes a dielectric barrier which soon breaks down and make the production of plasma possible, which in turn highly increases the thrust force of the MHD blanket. Therefore, three regimes have been introduced and described for the MHD blanket; the electrolysis regime, the transition regime, and the hot plasma regime. Based on the obtained results, one may conclude that the present results have offered good evidence about the possibility of increasing the MHD blanket performance through plasma production in water.957963M. A.Feizi ChekabDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, IranDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iranpaysfayzi@aut.ac.irP.GhadimiDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, IranDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iranpaysparviz.ghadimi@gmail.comM.SheikholeslamiDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, IranDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iranpaysmsheikh@aut.ac.irA.GhadimiDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, IranDepartment of Marine Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iranpaysali.ghadimi@aut.ac.irMHD propulsive blanket Electrolysis Plasma Experimental investigation[Abdollahzadeh M. Y. (2014), Analytical study of magnetohydrodynamic propulsion stability. Journal of Marine Science and Application, 13:281-290. ##
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]A Simple Method for the Estimation of the Axial Dispersion Coefficient in Gas Flow 22A simple method which is suitable for determining with reasonable precision the parameters of gas flow system has been proposed. An inverse boundary-value problem is considered. The model of gas flow with the Danckwert’s boundary conditions in a real measurement system has been analyzed and solved. The tracer technique was applied to determine axial dispersion coefficient of gas phase and Pèclet number. These parameters are commonly used to characterize the flow behavior of fluids. Axial dispersion coefficients were estimated by comparing model solution with recorded TCD signal (an inverse problem as a method for model parameter estimation) employing the Laplace transform technique. The Gaver-Stehfest algorithm for the solution of the mathematical model has been applied. The proposed model of gas show a good agreement with the experimental data. The obtained results show that under operation conditions in the studied system the flow behaviour is neither plug flow nor perfect mixing. The described method is very fast in both experimental and computational part. Simple and errorless derivation of sophisticated model formulas has been possible by application of the Computer Algebra System-type program. The program also simplifies computations. Mathematical manipulations and computations were performed using program Maple®.965970M.WójcikFaculty of Chemistry, Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, al. Powstancow Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszow, PolandFaculty of Chemistry, Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, al. Powstancow Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszow, Polandpayswojcik.mm@op.plM.SzukiewiczFaculty of Chemistry, Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, al. Powstancow Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszow, PolandFaculty of Chemistry, Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Rzeszow University of Technology, al. Powstancow Warszawy 12, 35-959 Rzeszow, Polandpaysichms@prz.edu.plW.PróchniakNew Chemical Syntheses Institute, Catalyst Department, al. Tysiaclecia Panstwa Polskiego 13a,New Chemical Syntheses Institute, Catalyst Department, al. Tysiaclecia Panstwa Polskiego 13a,payswieslaw.prochniak@ins.pulawy.plP.WierciochNew Chemical Syntheses Institute, Catalyst Department, al. Tysiaclecia Panstwa Polskiego 13a, 24-110 Pulawy, PolandNew Chemical Syntheses Institute, Catalyst Department, al. Tysiaclecia Panstwa Polskiego 13a, 24-110 Pulawy, Polandpayspawel.wiercioch@ins.pulawy.plLaplace transform Numerical inversion of Laplace transform Non-ideal flow Maple®.[Abate, J. and P. Valkǒ (2004). Multi-precision Laplace transform inversion. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 60, 979-993.##
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]On the Determination of the Yield Surface within the Flow of Yield Stress Fluids using Computational Fluid Dynamics22A part of non-Newtonian fluids are yield stress fluids. They require a minimum stress to flow. Below this minimum value, yield stress fluids remain solid. To date, 1D and 2D numerical models have been used predominantly to study free surface flows. However, some phenomena have three-dimensional behaviour such as the appearance of the limit between the liquid regime and the solid regime. Here the aim is to use a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to reproduce the properties of the free surface flow of yield stress fluids in an open channel. Modelling the behaviour of the yield stress fluid is also expected. The numerical study is driven with the software OpenFOAM. Numerical outcomes are compared with experimental results from model experiment and theorical predictions based on the rheological constitutive law. The 3D model is validated by evaluating its capacity to reproduce reliably flow patterns. The depth, the local velocity and the stress are quantified for different numerical configurations (grid level, rheological parameters). Then numerical results are used to detect the presence of rigid and sheared zones within the flow.971982N.Schaer3D Eau, Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, 67000, France3D Eau, Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, 67000, Francepaysnicolas.schaer@3deau.frJ.VazquezMechanics Department, ICube Laboratory, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, 67000, FranceMechanics Department, ICube Laboratory, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, 67000, Francepaysjose.vazquez@engees.euM.Dufresne3D Eau, Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, 67000, France3D Eau, Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, 67000, Francepaysmatthieu.dufresne@3deau.frG.IsenmannMechanics Department, ICube Laboratory, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, 67000, FranceMechanics Department, ICube Laboratory, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, 67000, Francepaysgilles.isenmann@engees.euJ.Wertel3D Eau, Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, 67000, France3D Eau, Strasbourg, Bas-Rhin, 67000, Francepaysjonathan.wertel@3deau.frCFD Yield stress fluids Free surface flow Yield surface Regularized model.[Abdali, S. S., E. Mitsoulis, N. C. Markatos, (1992). Entry and exit flows of Bingham fluids. Journal of Rheology 2(36), 389-407.##
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]Numerical Study on the Effect of an Annulus Injector on the Hydrodynamic Behavior of a Spray 22In the internal combustion engines geometry of the injector orifice has significant effect on the improving of the fuel spray characteristics. In the present paper, effect of a conical annulus injector with three different aspect ratios and three different divergence angles of the annulus orifice on the hydrodynamic behavior of a fuel spray have been investigated numerically. The conical annulus injector aspect ratio is the ratio of the height of the annulus cone to the diameter of its circular base. The geometry of the annulus conical injectors inspires this idea that this type of injectors could inject possible large amount of liquid fuel into a combustion chamber symmetrically and homogeneously. The CFD software AVL Fire has been employed for numerical simulation of diesel fuel spray evolution. Numerical results show that the annulus conical injectors inject liquid fuel with an approximately homogenous distribution of droplets in the combustion chamber in comparison with the conventional injectors. In this kind of injector, fuel has been uniformly distributed in the cylinder. Numerical results also show that the annulus injectors significantly increase the cone angle of the liquid fuel spray and decrease its penetration length.983994R.EsmaelnajadCenter for CFD studies on Heat Engines, Cavitational Flows and Petroleum Industries, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, IranCenter for CFD studies on Heat Engines, Cavitational Flows and Petroleum Industries, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Iranpaysrasool_ra@yahoo.comM. T.Shervani-TabarCenter for CFD studies on Heat Engines, Cavitational Flows and Petroleum Industries, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, IranCenter for CFD studies on Heat Engines, Cavitational Flows and Petroleum Industries, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Iranpayschemistagh@gmail.comM.JafariDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IranDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iranpaysmjafari@tabrizu.ac.irS. E.RazaviDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IranDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iranpaysrazavi@tabrizu.ac.irAnnulus conical injector CFD AVL Fire Spray Homogenous distribution of droplets.[Ashgriz, N., X., Li, and A. Sarchami, (2011). Instability of liquid sheets. In Handbook of atomization and sprays (pp. 75-95). Springer US.##
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Sivakumar, D., Vankeswaram, S. K., Sakthikumar, R., Raghunandan, B. N., Hu, J. T. C., and Sinha, A. K. (2016). An experimental study on jatropha-derived alternative aviation fuel sprays from simplex swirl atomizer. Fuel, 179, 36-44.##
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]Drag Experienced by a Composite Sphere in an Axisymmetric Creeping Flow of Micropolar Fluid22This paper concerns an analytical study of a steady axisymmetric uniform flow of an incompressible micropolar fluid past a permeable sphere that contains a solid sphere. The mathematical expression for the flow fields are obtained in terms of stream function by using modified Bessel’s function and Gegenbauer function. No-slip condition, zero microrotation components, continuity of normal velocity which is equal to the filtration velocity on the surface of the sphere are used as boundary conditions. It is assumed that the fluid obeys Darcy law at the permeable surface. The internal and external drag force exerted by the fluid on the sphere, flow rate and the relevant quantities such as pressures, microrotation vectors have been calculated. It is observed that drag is greater for impermeable sphere as compared to permeable sphere. As permeability parameter increases the flow rate also increases rapidly. Various useful results are obtained and compared with the previous particular cases.9951004V.MishraDepartment of Mathematics, Jaypee University of Engineering & Technology, Guna, M.P., IndiaDepartment of Mathematics, Jaypee University of Engineering & Technology, Guna, M.P., Indiapaysmishrav635@gmail.comB. R.GuptaDepartment of Mathematics, Jaypee University of Engineering & Technology, Guna, M. P., IndiaDepartment of Mathematics, Jaypee University of Engineering & Technology, Guna, M. P., Indiapaysbaliram.gupta@juet.ac.inPermeable sphere Micropolar fluid Drag force Stream function Darcy law.[Aparna, P. and J. V. R. Murthy (2010). Uniform flow of an incompressible micropolar fluid past a permeable sphere. International Electronic Engineering Mathematical Society 8, 1-10.##
Aparna, P., J. V. R. Murthy, and G. Nagaraju (2015). Slow steady rotation of a permeable sphere in an incompressible couple stress fluid. International Journal of Mathematicle Archive 6(2), 1-9.##
Aparna, P., J. V. R. Murthy, and G. Nagaraju (2016). Couple on a rotating permeable sphere in a couple stress fluid. Ain Shams Engineering Journal.##
Birikh, R. and R. Rudakoh (1982). Slow motion of a permeable sphere in viscous fluid. Fluid Dynamics 17(5), 792- 793.##
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Gupta, B. R. and S. Deo (2013). Axisymmetric creeping flow of micropolar fluid over a sphere coated with a thin fluid film. Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics 6(2), 149-155.##
Happel, J. and H. Brenner (1965). Low Reynolds Number Hydrodynamics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.##
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Mishra, V. and B. R. Gupta (2017). Motion of permeable shell in a spherical container filled with non-Newtonian fluid. Appl. Math. Mech., 38, 1697-1708.##
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]Hydrodynamics Analysis on the High-Speed Surface Vehicle with Super-Cavitating Hydrofoils22Expeditiously transferring personnel or cargo between seashores or vessels becomes an imperative requirement in ocean engineering. In this paper a novel high-speed surface vessel which has two symmetrical under-water torpedo-shaped sub-water bodies connected to the hull with two couples of super-cavitating hydrofoils, which are located in series along the axis of the body, has been proposed. By using supercavitation technology in the sub-water body and the hydrofoil, this vessel could achieve extreme high speed. Considering the sophisticated conﬁguration and the complex ﬂow ﬁeld around the vessel, this paper has investigated on the hydrodynamics of this vehicle through numerical simulation. The numerical method which couples the Schnerr and Sauer cavitation model into the mixture multiphase model has been validated by the case of two-dimensional super-cavitating hydrofoil. Then simulation has been carried out for this novel vehicle with different wetting depths. Based on analysing details of the ﬂow structure, the there-dimensional effect for the super-cavitating hydrofoil, as well as the interaction between the fore and the aft hydrofoils has been revealed. Then the hydrodynamics curves for both the fore and the aft hydrofoils are obtained, providing guidance for the design of the serial hydrofoils. Furthermore, hydrodynamic analysis has been made for the sub-water body under the effect of hydrofoils. This work may give meaningful references for the design of high-speed surface vehicles.10051012S.ZhaoNational University of Defense Technology, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, Changsha, Hunan, 410073, ChinaNational University of Defense Technology, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, Changsha, Hunan, 410073, Chinapays15211122522@163.comM.XiangNational University of Defense Technology, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, Changsha, Hunan, 410073, ChinaNational University of Defense Technology, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, Changsha, Hunan, 410073, Chinapaysxiangmin333@hotmail.comH.ZhouNational University of Defense Technology, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, Changsha, Hunan, 410073, ChinaNational University of Defense Technology, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, Changsha, Hunan, 410073, Chinapayszhouhoucun09@nudt.edu.cnW.ZhangNational University of Defense Technology, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, Changsha, Hunan, 410073, ChinaNational University of Defense Technology, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, Changsha, Hunan, 410073, Chinapayszhangweihua@nudt.edu.cnNumerical simulation Hydrofoil Supercavitation Hydrodynamics[Ansys Inc. (2011). ANSYS FLUENT Theory Baker, E. S. (1975). Notes of the design of two supercavitating hydrofoils. Report SPD-479-13, David W. Taylor Naval Ship Research and Development Center, Bethesda.##
Bal, S. (2007). A numerical method for the prediction of wave pattern of surface piercing cavitating hydrofoils. In Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers – Part C, Volume 221, pp. 1623–1633.##
Begovic, E., C. Bertorello, and S. Mancini (2015). Hydrodynamic performances of s-mall size SWATH craft. Brodogradnja 66(4), 1–22.##
Brizzolara, S. (2015). A new family of dual- mode super-cavitating hydrofoils. In Fourth International Symposium on Marine Propulsors.##
Brizzolara, S. and L. Bonﬁglio (2015). Compar ative CFD investigation on the performance of a new family of super-cavitating hydro-foils. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 656(1), 012147.##
Faison, L. A. (2014). Design of a high speed planing hull with a cambered step and surface piercing hydrofoils. Master’s thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.##
Faltinsen, O. M. (2005). Hydrodynamics of high- speed marine vehicles. Cambridge University Press.##
Farahani, S. A. (2016). Resistance performance research of hybrid hydrofoil small water area twin hull. Thesis, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.
Georgiadis, V. (2014). Design and assessment of a super high speed, hybrid hydrofoil/SWATH crew boat. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.##
Gore, J. L. (1985). SWATH ships. Naval Engineers Journal 97(2), 83–112.##
Guide 12. 0 Cavitation Models. Auslaender, J. (1962). Low drag supercavitating hydrofoil sections. Technical report, Hydronautics Inc.##
Jin, H. (2005). Research on the conceptual design and performance of HYSWATH. Thesis, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shang-hai, China.##
Lee, C. S., C. W. Lew, and Y. G. Kim (1994). Analysis of a two-dimensional partially or supercavitating hydrofoil advancing under a free surface with a ﬁnite froude number. Pro-ceedings of the 19th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics, 605–618.##
Lohrberg, H., B. Stoffel, R. Fortes-Patella, O. Coutier-Delgosha, and J. Reboud (2002). Numerical and experimental investigations on the cavitating ﬂow in a cascade of hydrofoils. Experiments in Fluids 33(4), 578–586.##
Long, T. and D. A. Daybell (1961). Water tunnel tests of three vented hydrofoils in two dimensional ﬂow. Journal of Ship Research 5(3), 1–15.##
Parkin, B. R. (1956). Experiments on circular arc and ﬂat plate hydrofoils in noncavitating and full cavity ﬂows. Report 47-6, Hydrodynamics Laboratory, California Institute of Technology.##
Pearce, B. W. and P. A. Brandner (2007). Limitations on 2d super-cavitating hydrofoil performance. In Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, pp. 1399–1404.##
Petkie, D. A. I. (1971). Operational and develop- mental experience on the U.S. navy hydrofoil High Point. Soviet Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 50(1), 79–85.##
Schnerr, G. H. and J. Sauer (2001). Physical and numerical modeling of unsteady cavitation dynamics. In ICMF 2001- 4th International Conference on Multiphase Flow, New Orleans, USA.##
Wang, C., Y. Lin, Z. Hu, L. Geng, and D. Li (2016). Hydrodynamic analysis of a SWATH planing USV based on CFD. In OCEANS 2016-Shanghai, Shanghai, China, 1–4. IEEE.##
Zhang, Y., X. Yuan, and F. Deng (2014). Fluid dynamics of supercavitating underwater vehicles. National Defense Industry Press. ##
]Computational and Experimental Study on the Water-Jet Pump Performance22The effect of operational and geometrical parameters on the jet pump efficiency were determined experimentally and numerically. Numerical investigation was held firstly to determine the effect of diffuser angle, mixing chamber length, pump area ratio and driving nozzle position on the efficiency of jet pump. Commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solver ANSYS FLUENT R 15.0 using SST-turbulence model was used. The numerical results showed that jet pump efficiency increases with decreasing both of diffuser angles and mixing chamber length up to a certain value and then pump efficiency decreases. Also, jet pump efficiency increases with increasing pump area ratio up to a certain value and then pump efficiency decreases. It was found that maximum numerical efficiency is 37.8 % for pump area ratio of 0.271. In addition, the numerical results showed that the optimum relative length of mixing chamber is 5.48 and the optimum value for diffuser angle at which the efficiency is a maximum value is 5º. Experimental tests were conducted to obtain the effects of various operational and geometrical parameters on the performance of the jet pumps. A test rig was constructed using the optimum design from the numerical results. The CFD’s results were found to agree well with actual values obtained from the experimental results.10131020A. A. A.ShehaRotating Equipment Engineer, Petrogulfmisr Petroleum Company, 10, St. 250 Sarayat El-Maadi, Cairo, EgyptRotating Equipment Engineer, Petrogulfmisr Petroleum Company, 10, St. 250 Sarayat El-Maadi, Cairo, Egyptpaysengineer_sheha@yahoo.comM.NasrDean of Alexandria Higher Institute of Engineering and Technology (AIET), Alexandria, EgyptDean of Alexandria Higher Institute of Engineering and Technology (AIET), Alexandria, Egyptpaysdrmostafanasr@yahoo.comM. A.HosienMechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom EgyptMechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kom Egyptpaysmohamed_abdelaziz14@yahoo.comE.WahbaMechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Menoufia University, Shebin El-KomMechanical Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Menoufia University, Shebin El-Kompayswahbaessam@yahoo.comJet pump CFD Pump efficiency Geometrical parameters Operational parameters.[Aldas, K. and R. Yapici (2014). Investigation of Effects of Scale and Surface Roughness on Efficiency of Water Jet Pumps Using CFD. Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics 8(1), 14–25.##
Brijesh, R. N. and M. P. Sagar (2016, June). The Effect of Venturi Design on Jet Pump Performance. Journal for Research 2(4), 23-28.##
Chamlong, P. and K. Aoki (2002, August). Numerical Prediction on the Optimum Mixing Throat Length for Drive Nozzle Position of the Central Jet Pump.## Proceedings of Tenth international symposium on flow visualization, 26-29, Kyoto, Japan.##
Cunningham, R. G. and R. J. Dopkin (1974). Jet Breakup and Mixing Throat Lengths for the Liquid Jet Gas Pump. J. Fluid Engineering, Trans. ASME, 93(3), 216–226.##
El Hayek, M. D. and A. H. Hammoud (2006, August). Prediction of Liquid Jet Pump Performance Using Computational Fluid Dynamics. Proceedings of the 4th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics, Elounda, Greece, 21-23, 148-153.##
El-Sawaf, I. A., M. A. Halawa, M. A. Younes, and I. R. Teaima (2011). Study of the Different Parameters That Influence on the Performance of Water Jet Pump. Fifteenth International Water Technology Conference, IWTC 15, Alexandria, Egypt.##
Hammoud, A. H. (2006, August). Effect of Design and Operational Parameters on Jet Pump Performance. Proceedings of the 4th WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics, Elounda, Greece, 21-23, 245-252.##
Hansen, A. G., and R. Kinnavy (1965) The design of water jet pumps Part-I- Experimental determination of optimum design parameters. ASME paper, 65-WA/FE-31.##
Langtry, R. B., F. R. Menter, S. R. Likki, Y. B. Suzen, P. G. Huang and S. Völker, (2004, June) A correlation-Based Transition Model Using Local Variables, Part -2-Test Cases and Industrial Applications. In Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo. Vienna, Austria, 14-17, paper no. GT2004-53454.##
Menter, F. R., R. B. Langtry, and S. Völker (2006). Transition Modeling for General Purpose CFD Codes. Flow Turbul. Combust. 77(1–4): 277–303.##
Menter, F. R., R. B. Langtry, S. R. Likki, Y. B. Suzen, P. G. Huang, and S. Völker, (2004, June). A Correlation Based Transition Model Using Local Variables, Part-1- Model Formulation. In Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo. Vienna, Austria, 14–17, paper no. GT2004–53452.##
Prabkeao, C. and K. Aoki (2005). Study on the Optimum Mixing Throat Length for Drive Nozzle Position of the Central Jet Pump. Journal of Visualization, 8(4), 347–355.##
Raabe, J. (1989). Hydraulische Maschinen und Anlagen. VDI Verlag.##
Schulz, F. (1952). Modellversuche für Wasserstrahl- Wasserpumpen. Habil. TU, Wien.##
Schulz, H. (1977). Die Pumpen. Springer Verlag. ##
Teaima, I. R. and T. A. Meakhail (2013, September). A Study of the Effect of Nozzle Spacing and Driving Pressure on the Water Jet Pump Performance. International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT) 2(5).##
Vyas, B. D. and S. Kar (1972). Standardization of water jet pumps. Proc., Symp. on jet Pumps and ejectors, paper 10, London, U.K., PP. 155-170.##
Winoto, S. H., H. Li, and D. A. Shah (2000). Efficiency of Jet Pumps. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 126(2):150–156. ##
Xiaogang, D., D. Jingliang, W. Zhentao, and T. Jiyuan (2017). Numerical analysis of an annular water–air jet pump with self-induced oscillation mixing chamber. The Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows, pp. 1-7.##
Zou, C. H., H. Li. P. Tang and D. H. Xu (2015). Effect of structural forms on the performance of a jet pump for a deep well jet pump. National Research Center of Pumps and Pumping System Engineering and Technology, Jiangsu Unversity, China, 59, 257-266.##
]Transition from Steady to Oscillatory Flow Natural Convection of Low-Pr Fluids in 3D Bridgman Configuration for Crystal Growth22A numerical study of the transition from steady to oscillatory flow natural convection of low- Prandtl number fluids inside the 3D Bridgman configuration has been carried out. The three-dimensional Navier-Stokes and energy equations, with the Boussinesq approximation have been discretized by means of a finite volume procedure which employs a second order accurate central difference scheme to treat diffusive and convective fluxes. In natural convection, the buoyancy force is only driving the flow and its intensity can be move a harmful effect on the crystal growth, such as the striation. Naturally, the steady state flow is obtained for low Rayleigh number and shows a great dependence between the Rayleigh number, the flow structure and the heat transfer rate. A low increase in the Rayleigh number we guide to determine the critical point in which the 3D flow became oscillatory. This regime appears by a sinusoidal signal in the time and developed in each period of time.10211031A.AtiaLME, Laboratory of Mechanics, University of Laghouat, Laghouat 03000, AlgeriaLME, Laboratory of Mechanics, University of Laghouat, Laghouat 03000, Algeriapaysatia.aissa@gmail.comB.GhernaoutLME, Laboratory of Mechanics, University of Laghouat, Laghouat 03000, AlgeriaLME, Laboratory of Mechanics, University of Laghouat, Laghouat 03000, Algeriapaysbadiagh@gmail.comS.BouabdallahLME, Laboratory of Mechanics, University of Laghouat, Laghouat 03000, AlgeriaLME, Laboratory of Mechanics, University of Laghouat, Laghouat 03000, Algeriapaysfibonsaid@gmail.com3D Natural convection Steady-oscillatory flow Low-Pr fluid Numerical study.[Afrid, M., Zebib, A. (1990) Oscillatory three-dimensional convection in rectangular cavities and enclosures. Physics of Fluids 2, 1318-1327.##
Atia, A., Ghernaout, B., Bouabdallah, S., and Bessaïh, R. (2016) Three-dimensional oscillatory mixed convection in a Czochralski silicon melt under the axial magnetic field. Applied Thermal Engineering 105, 704-715. ##
Ben Hadid, H., and Roux, B. (1987) Oscillatory buoyancy-driven convection in horizontal liquid-metal layer, In Proc., VIth European Symposium on Materials and Fluid Sciences in Microgravity (ESA SP-256) 477-485. ##
Bouabdallah, S., Bessaïh, R., Ghernaout, B., Benchatti, A. (2011) Effect of an External Magnetic Field on the 3-D Oscillatory Natural Convection of Molten Gallium During Phase Change. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A 60, 84-105##
Crochet, M. J., Geyling, F. T., Van Schaftingen, J.J. (1983) Numerical simulation of the horizontal Bridgman growth of a gallium arsenic crystal. Journal of Crystal Growth 65, 166-172. ##
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]Reduced-Order Modeling of Unsteady Hypersonic Aerodynamics in Multi-Dimensional Parametric Space22A novel reduced order model (ROM) for unsteady hypersonic aerodynamics is developed, which is applicable for the variations of multi-parameters. The key to the developed ROM lies in the CFD-based model reduction of the steady aerodynamic component, which stems from the quasi-steady nature of aerodynamic forces in the hypersonic regime. Concretely, the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) method, combined with Kriging interpolation, is used to construct the ROM for the steady aerodynamic component; meanwhile the unsteady part is directly obtained from Donov’s third-order piston theory. The new procedure is applied to a three-dimensional low aspect ratio wing (Lockheed F-104 Starfighter wing). It is shown that the developed ROM is able to accurately predict the unsteady hypersonic aerodynamic loads over a wide range of different flight conditions compared with the direct CFD computation.10331045Z.ChenState Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 210016 Nanjing, People’s Republic of ChinaState Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 210016 Nanjing, People’s Republic of Chinapays994630093@qq.comY.ZhaoState Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 210016 Nanjing, People’s Republic of ChinaState Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 210016 Nanjing, People’s Republic of Chinapayszyhae@nuaa.edu.cnR.HuangState Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 210016 Nanjing, People’s Republic of ChinaState Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 210016 Nanjing, People’s Republic of Chinapaysruihwang@nuaa.edu.cnReduced order model Proper orthogonal decomposition Kriging surrogate Piston theory Multi-dimensional parametric space.[Amsallem, D. and C. Farhat (2008). Interpolation method for adapting reduced-order models, AIAA J. 46 (7) 1803-1813.##
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]Wave Motion due to a Ring Source in Two Superposed Fluids Covered by a Thin Elastic Plate22The problem of wave generation by a horizontal ring of wave sources of the same time-dependent strength present in any one layer of a two-layer fluid is investigated here. The upper fluid is of finite height above the interface and is covered by a floating thin infinite elastic plate (modeling a thin sheet of ice) while the lower fluid extends infinitely downwards. Assuming linear theory, the problem is formulated as an initial value problem and the Laplace transform in time is employed to solve it. For time-harmonic source strength, the asymptotic representations of the potential functions describing the motion in the two layers for large time and distance are derived. In these representations, the two different coefficients for each of the surface and interface wave modes have the same numerical values although it has not been possible to prove their equivalence analytically. This shows that the steady-state analysis of the potential functions produces outgoing progressive waves at the surface and at the interface. The forms of the surface and interface waves are depicted graphically for different values of the flexural rigidity of the elastic plate and the ring source being submerged in the lower or upper layer.10471057N.IslamDepartment of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur - 721302, IndiaDepartment of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur - 721302, Indiapaysnajnin.islam92@gmail.comR.GayenDepartment of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur - 721302, IndiaDepartment of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur - 721302, Indiapaysrupanwita.gayen@gmail.comB. N.MandalPhysics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata 700108, IndiaPhysics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata 700108, Indiapaysbnm2006@rediffmail.comRing source potentials Two-layer fluid Thin elastic plate Steady-state analysis.[Das, D. and B. N. Mandal (2007). Wave scattering by a horizontal circular cylinder in a two-layer fluid with an ice-cover. International Journal of Engineering Science 45(10), 842–872.##
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]On the Optimization of the Species Separation in an Inclined Darcy-Brinkman Porous Cavity under the Effect of an External Magnetic Field22An investigation is conducted to study analytically and numerically the effect of a magnetic field on the species separation induced by the combined effects of convection and Soret phenomenon in an inclined porous cavity saturated by an electrically conductive binary mixture and provided with four impermeable walls. The long sides of the cavity are subject to uniform heat flux while its short ends are adiabatic. Uniform magnetic field is applied perpendicularly to the heated walls. The mixture satisfies the Boussinesq approximation and the porous medium, modeled according to Darcy-Brinkman’s law, is assumed homogeneous and isotropic .The relevant parameters for the problem are the thermal Rayleigh number (RT = 1 to 106), the Lewis number (Le = 10), the inclination angle of the cavity (θ = 0º to 180), the separation parameter (φ = 0.5), the Darcy number (Da = 10-5 to 103), the Hartmann number (Ha = 0 to 100) and the aspect ratio of the cavity (Ar = 12). The limiting cases (Darcy and pure fluid media) are recovered in this study. Optimum conditions leading to maximum separation of species are determined while varying the governing parameters in their respective ranges. Results show that the magnetic field can enhance the species separation in cases where the optimal coupling between thermosolutal diffusion and convection is not achieved in its absence. On the other hand, in cases where this optimal coupling is reached in the absence of the magnetic field, the application of the latter destroys the separation of species.10591071A.RtibiMohameMohammed V University, Faculty of Sciences, MSME, Rabat, Moroccod 5 UniversityMohameMohammed V University, Faculty of Sciences, MSME, Rabat, Moroccod 5 Universitypaysa.rtibi@uca.ac.maM.HasnaouiCadi Ayyad University, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, LMFE, Marrakesh, MoroccoCadi Ayyad University, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, LMFE, Marrakesh, Moroccopayshasnaoui@uca.ac.maA.AmahmidCadi Ayyad University, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, LMFE, Marrakesh, MoroccoCadi Ayyad University, Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, LMFE, Marrakesh, Moroccopaysamahmid@uca.ac.maDarcy-Brinkman porous medium Soret effect Magnetic field Separation of species Analytical and numerical study.[Ahadi, A., T. Yousefi and M. Z. Saghir (2013). Double diffusive convection and thermodiffusion of fullerene–toluene nanofluid in a porous cavity. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering 91(10), 1918-1927.##
Alavyoon, F. (1993). On natural convection in vertical porous enclosures due to prescribed fluxes of heat and mass at the vertical boundaries. International Journal of Heat Mass Transfer 36, 2479-2498.##
Amahmid, A., M. Hasnaoui, M. Mamou and P. Vasseur (1999). Double-diffusive parallel flow inducedin a horizontal Brinkman porous layer subjected to constant heat and mass fluxes: analytical and numerical studies. Heat Mass Transfer 35, 409-421.##
Bennacer, R., A. A. Mohamad and M. El Ganaoui (2009). Thermosolutal diffusion in porous media: Multi-domainconstitutant separation. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 52, 1725-1733.##
Ben Sassi, M., S. Kaddeche, M. Lappa, S. Millet, D. Henry and H. Ben Hadid (2017). On the effect of thermodiffusion on solute segregation during the growth of semiconductor materials by the vertical Bridgman method. Journal of Crystal Growth 458, 154-165. ##
Bou-Ali, M. M., J. J. Valencia, J. A. Madariaga, C. Santamaria, O. Ecenarro and J. F. Dutrieux (2003). Determination of the thermosolutal diffusion coefficient in three binary organic liquid mixtures by the thermogravitational method. Philosophical Magazine 83(1718), 2011-2015.##
Bourich, M. M. Hasnaoui, A. Amahmid and M. Mamou (2005). Onset of convection and finite amplitude flow due to Soret effect within a horizontal sparsely packed porous enclosure heated from below. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 25, 513-525.##
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Larabi, M. A., D. Mutschler and A. Mojtabi (2016). Thermal gravitational separation of ternary mixture n-dodecane/ isobutylbenzene/ tetralin components in a porous medium. Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics 144, 244902/1-244902/7.##
Jaber, T. J., M. Khawaja and M. Z. Saghir (2006). Permeability and Thermodiffusion Effect in a Porous Cavity Filled with Hydrocarbon Fluid Mixtures. Fluid Dynamic and Material Processing 2(4), 271-286.##
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Martin-Mayor, A., M. M. Bou-Ali, M. Aginagalde and P. Urteaga (2018). Microfluidic separation processes using the thermodiffusion effect. International Journal of Thermal Sciences 124, 279-287.##
Pal, D. and B. Talukdar (2012). Influence of Soret effect on MHD mixed convection oscillatory flow over a vertical surface in a porous medium with chemical reaction and thermal radiation. International Journal of Nonlinear Science 14, 65-78.##
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Platten, J. K., M. M. Bou-Ali, and J. F. Dutrieux (2003). Enhanced Molecular Separation in Inclined Thermogravitational Columns. Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107, 11763-11767.##
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Rao, B. M. and G. V. Reddy (2012, July-August 2). Soret and Dufour effects on hydro magnetic heat and mass transfer over a vertical plate in a porous medium with a convective surface boundary condition and chemical reaction. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications 4, 056-076.##
Rtibi, A., M. Hasnaoui and A. Amahmid (2014). Magnetic field effect on Soret driving free convection in an inclined porous cavity saturated by a conducting binary mixture. International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow 24 (8), 1715-1735.##
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Yacine, L., A. Mojtabi, R. Bennacer and A. Khouzam (2016). Soret-driven convection and separation of binary mixtures in a horizontal porous cavity submitted to cross heat ﬂuxes. International Journal of Thermal Sciences 104, 29-38. ##
]Systematic Investigation of Thrust Production during Plunging Motion of the Airfoil22The effect of various conditions on the thrust generation of 2-D airfoil in pure plunging motion has been investigated. These conditions include different airfoil shapes, different Reynolds numbers (Re) and reduced frequencies (K). The three different shapes used in this study are the NACA0014, the ellipse, and the flat plate airfoil, whereas, the three Re used in the study are 1000, 10000, and 25000 for the three values of K at 2.0, 1.0, and 0.5. For all these parametric studies, the thickness (t/c ratio) of all the airfoil has been kept as constant at 14% t/c ratio. During sinusoidal plunging motion, CL and CD varies in a sinusoidal manner however CL and CD lags with the airfoil motion and the time averaged lift coefficient over one complete cycle is zero whereas the time averaged drag coefficient is negative and non-zero i.e. thrust is produced. The reason behind the thrust generation is due to the formation of the Reverse Karman Vortex Street in the wake of the airfoil.NACA0014 airfoil produces more negative values of the drag coefficient as compared to the ellipse and flat plate which indicates that the shape effect is important for thrust generation which is due to the pressure changes that occur close to the leading edge of the airfoil and it is more pronounced for an airfoil with large Δy variation near the leading edge , for instance NACA 0014. As the Re is increased, the time averaged drag coefficient becomes more negative and the thrust produced by the NACA0014 airfoil remains higher as compared to the other two airfoil which shows that the airfoil shape effect is dominant. As K reduces, time averaged drag coefficient (thrust) decreases and the airfoil shape effect becomes less prominent as K is decreased (or the unsteady effect decreases). It is seen that for all the cases, the CDv (drag due to viscous forces) is very small and major contribution of negative drag (thrust) comes from the pressure forces.10731088H.HamdaniCollege of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, PakistanCollege of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistanpayshossein.hamdani@yahoo.comH.ZareenCollege of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, PakistanCollege of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistanpayshaleemazareen@yahoo.comThrust Reverse Vortex shedding Airfoil Vorticity Plunge Reduced frequency.[Ashraf, M. A., J. C. S. Lai and J. Young (2007). Numerical Analysis of Flapping Wing Aerodynamics. 16th Australian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Crown Plaza, Gold Coast, Australia.##
Ashraf, M. A., J. Young, J. C. S. Lai (2011). Reynolds number, thickness and camber effects on flapping airfoil propulsion. Journal of Fluids and Structures 27, 145–160.##
Benkherouf, T., M. Mekadem, H. Oualli, S. Hanchi, L. Keirsbulck, L. Labraga (2011). Efficiency of an auto-propelled flapping airfoil. Journal of Fluids and Structures 27, 552–566.##
Garrick, I. E. (1936). Propulsion of a flapping and oscillating airfoil. NACA Report Number, 567.##
Heathcote, S., Z. Wang, and I. Gursul (2008). Effect of Spanwise Flexibility on Flapping Wing Propulsion. Journal of fluids and structures 24(2): 183-199##
Ismail H., Tuncer, F. Platzer Max (2000). Computational Study of Flapping Airfoil Aerodynamics. Journal of Aircraft 37(3), 514-520.##
Knowles, K., Wilkins, P. C., Ansari, S. A., Zbikowski, R. W. (2007). Integrated Computational and Experimental Studies of Flapping-wing Micro Air Vehicle Aerodynamics. 3rd International Symposium on Integrating CFD and Experiments in Aerodynamics, U. S. Air Force Academy, CO, USA.##
Sane, S. P., Dickinson, M. H. (2001). lift and drag. The Journal of Experimental Biology 204, 2607–2626.##
Trizila, P. and W. Shy (2008). A Surrogate Model Approach in 2D versus 3D Flapping Wing Aerodynamic Analysis. 12th AIAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conference. Victoria, British Columbia Canada.##
Wang, Z. J. (2000). Vortex Shedding and Frequency Selection in Flapping Flight. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 410, 323–341.##
Wang, Z. J., Birch, J. M., Dickinson M. H. (2004).Unsteady forces and flows in low Reynolds number hovering flight: two-dimensional computations vs. robotic wing experiments. The Journal of Experimental Biology 207, 449-460.##
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]A Performance Analysis on Pressure Loss and Airflow Diffusion in a Chamber with Perforated V-Profile Diffuser Designed for Air Handling Units (AHUs)22Outlet cross-sectional area of fans used in air handling units is smaller than cross-sectional area of chambers which are located next to the fan. In order to ensure efficiently operating of the air handling units, it is required that the air flows through a perforated diffuser to create a uniform air diffusion from fan outlet to following chamber with a minimum pressure loss and uniform velocity distribution. In this concept, numerical simulations and experiments were performed for the chamber with perforated V-profile diffuser, which is often used in air handling units because of its simple geometry and easy manufacturing. Pressure losses were firstly obtained experimentally for different air velocities in the chamber. Then a performance analysis on the air flow diffusion and pressure losses inside chamber with perforated V-profile diffuser for different geometric parameters such as entry length, apex angle, geometry and pattern of hole, plate thickness, porosity and surface roughness has been carried out numerically. It is seen that the experimental results validated with the numerical turbulence model results.10891100M. S.KamerDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 46100 Kahramanmaras, TurkeyDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 46100 Kahramanmaras, Turkeypaysmsafakamer@ksu.edu.trA.ErdoğanDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Inonu University, 44280 Malatya, TurkeyDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Inonu University, 44280 Malatya, Turkeypaysahmet.erdogan@inonu.edu.trE.TacgunDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Inonu University, 44280 Malatya, TurkeyDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Inonu University, 44280 Malatya, Turkeypaysekrem.tacgun@inonu.edu.trK.SonmezDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 46100 Kahramanmaras, TurkeyDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 46100 Kahramanmaras, Turkeypayskerim-sonmez@hotmail.comA.KayaDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 46100 Kahramanmaras, TurkeyDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 46100 Kahramanmaras, Turkeypayskaya38@ksu.edu.trI. G.AksoyDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Inonu University, 44280 Malatya, TurkeyDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Inonu University, 44280 Malatya, Turkeypaysgaksoy@inonu.edu.trS.CanbazogluDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 46100 Kahramanmaras, TurkeyDepartment of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 46100 Kahramanmaras, Turkeypayssuatcanbazoglu1960@gmail.comComputational fluid dynamics (CFD) Pressure loss Air handling units (AHUs) Perforated diffuser Fan.[Anson, M. and L. Zhang (1995, July). On-site Abanto J., Barrero D., Reggio M. and Ozell B. (2004). Airflow modelling in a computer room. Building and Environment 39(12), 1393-1402.##
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]Numerical and Experimental Investigations on Aerodynamic Behavior of the Ahmed Body Model with Different Diffuser Angles22Due to many restrictions applied by the necessity of fulfilling dimensional analysis in a numerical-experimental research and also the limits in experimental facilities a Low Reynolds Number simulation seems to be widespread. In this paper, effects of the diffuser angle on the aerodynamic behavior of the Ahmed body have been investigated for low Reynolds number flows. Numerical simulations were performed by solving the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations combined with different turbulence models. The Finite Volume Method (FVM) is used for simulations in Fluent 6.3.26 Software. The main objectives of the study are to improve the aerodynamic design of the body, analyzing the flow field to understand the nature of these improvements and reaching a suitable and reliable experimental-numerical setup for such a flow. Finally, it was concluded that the SST k-ω turbulence model with transitional flow corrections is the best choice. From the flow simulation and obtained experimental data, it was concluded that that drag coefficient is a function of three main phenomena. Results showed that the drag coefficient has its minimum value at a specific diffuser angle (8◦) and further increases in the angle lead to higher drag coefficient. On the other hand, the lift coefficient constantly decreases by increasing the diffuser angle. In order to show the validity of the numerical results, experimental data were obtained by measuring the drag and lift coefficients of scaled standard Ahmed body and a model with the diffuser angle of 8 degrees in a wind tunnel. Results confirmed that improvement of drag and lift coefficients occurs when diffuser region is considered for the Ahmed body. In addition, the flow field around the body was studied in detail to show the effects of the diffuser geometry on the aerodynamic characteristics of the body.11011113P.MoghimiFaculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, IranFaculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iranpayspouria.moghimi23@gmail.comR.RafeeFaculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, IranFaculty of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan, Iranpaysrafee@semnan.ac.irLift Coefficient Drag coefficient Diffuser angle Ahmed body Low Reynolds Number flow.[Ahmed, S. R., G. Ramm, G. Faltin (1984, February 27 –March 2), Some salient features of the time averaged ground vehicle wake, in: International Congress and Exposition, Detroit, Michigan, pp.840300.##
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]Micro-Vibration Analysis and Optimization of Aerostatic Bearing with Pocketed Orifice-Type Restrictor22For an aerostatic circular thrust bearing with a single pocketed orifice-type restrictor, the flow field in the bearing clearance is analyzed numerically, and the formation mechanism of the bearing micro-vibration is investigated. Through flow field analysis, the flow structures in the bearing clearance are discussed and classified. The formed vortex flow in flow field is analyzed, and the influence of the vortex flow on bearing dynamic stability related to micro-vibration is discussed. For each flow structure, the vortex flow always exists and induces the bearing micro-vibration. The Reynolds number is used to represent the degree of bearing micro-vibration and the rationality is verified. Based on the flow analysis results, the maximum Reynolds number in the bearing clearance flow field is taken as the optimization objective to reduce the micro-vibration amplitude, the approximate model for design optimization is established by using the radial basis functions method and the optimization methodology is illustrated. Several cases of optimization are carried out with different given bearing loads. Through optimization, the maximum Reynolds number is reduced greatly, which means the enhancement of the bearing dynamic stability. The optimization results show that in order to suppress the micro-vibration, the air supply pressure should be kept as small as possible, the small air pocket diameter and orifice diameter are also needed.11151124Y. F.LiInstitute of Systems Engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, ChinaInstitute of Systems Engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, Chinapaysliyifei@buaa.edu.cnY. H.YinInstitute of Systems Engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, ChinaInstitute of Systems Engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, Chinapaysyinyhcaep@yeah.netH.YangInstitute of Mechanical Manufacturing Technology, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, ChinaInstitute of Mechanical Manufacturing Technology, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, Chinapaysyanghongscu@163.comX. E.LiuInstitute of Systems Engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, ChinaInstitute of Systems Engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, Chinapaysliuxe@caep.cnJ.MoInstitute of Systems Engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, ChinaInstitute of Systems Engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, Chinapaysmojun@caep.cnH. L.CuiInstitute of Mechanical Manufacturing Technology, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, ChinaInstitute of Mechanical Manufacturing Technology, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, 621900, Chinapayscuihailong@foxmail.comGas lubrication Aerostatic bearing CFD simulation Micro-vibration Dynamic stability Design optimization.[Aoyama, T., Y. Kakinuma, and Y. Kobayashi (2006). Numerical and experimental analysis for the small vibration of aerostatic guideways. CIRP Ann-Manuf Technol 55, 419-422.##
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]Comparative Flow Field Analysis of Boundary Layer Diverter Intake and Diverterless Supersonic Intake Configuration 22In this paper comparative flow field analysis of two intake configuration i.e. Boundary Layer Diverter Intake and Diverterless Supersonic Intake is carried out based on dimensionless parameters under various flow conditions. Numerical analysis of aircraft intake is a complex phenomenon which involves both external and internal flow analysis. In this research, both external and internal flow characteristics of intake duct are analyzed in detail. A comprehensive mesh scheme is devised and implemented to accurately capture the flow behavior in external surrounding of intake duct and flow passing through the intake duct. The analysis is carried out at different flow conditions to analyze the flow behavior in subsonic and supersonic regimes. Engine design mass flow rate is used for accurate intake analysis and results are validated with available literature. Boundary layer diversion and pressure recovery are examined for each intake configuration and comparative analysis based on pressure recovery is carried out subsequently. The analysis reveals that at subsonic and transonic regimes, Boundary Layer Diverter intake is much more effective than Diverter less Supersonic Intake, however, in supersonic regime Diverter less Supersonic Intake is found be to more effective. The research can further help in modifying/ improving the design of an existing intake configuration for enhanced intake efficiency.
11251131I.ArifDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad, PakistanDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad, Pakistanpaysarsalan_sayani@cae.nust.edu.pkS.SalamatDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad, PakistanDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad, Pakistanpaysssalamat@cae.nust.edu.pkM.AhmedDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad, PakistanDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad, Pakistanpaysmahmed@cae.nust.edu.pkF.QureshiDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad, PakistanDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad, Pakistanpaysfaizkarim429@gmail.comS.ShahDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad, PakistanDepartment of Aerospace Engineering, College of Aeronautical Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad, Pakistanpaysirtiza@smme.nust.edu.pkAerodynamics Boundary layer Diverter intake Diverterless supersonic intake Pressure recovery.[Frant, M. and A. Kozakiewicz (2011). Construction of an air intake system model for F-100-PW-229 engine in F-16 aircraft for intake vortex development analysis. Prace Instytutu Lotnictwa. 39-49.##
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]Numerical Investigations into the Origin of Tip Unsteadiness in a Transonic Compressor22Three-dimensional numerical simulations are conducted to investigate the origin of flow unsteadiness and its associated unsteady flow phenomena in a transonic compressor rotor. The predicted results are compared with the available experimental data and a good agreement is achieved. The numerical monitoring results and further analyses of the flow field indicate that flow unsteadiness is detected in the passage with the operating condition approaching the stability limit, and the highest oscillating region is at the leading edge of the blade pressure surface; the tip leakage vortex breakdown is not a decisive factor for the flow unsteadiness, and the shock oscillation is a unsteady flow phenomenon resulted from the vibration of the recirculation region; a U-type vortex emerges in the tip leakage vortex breakdown region, and its periodic impingement on the pressure surface of the adjacent blade is treated as a trigger that leads to the flow unsteadiness.11331141G.AnNorthwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710129, ChinaNorthwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710129, Chinapaysxinmengwuhen823@hotmail.comY.WuNorthwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710129, ChinaNorthwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710129, Chinapayswyh@nwpu.edu.cnJ.LangNorthwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710129, ChinaNorthwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710129, Chinapayslangjinhua1988@outlook.comZ.ChenNorthwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710129, ChinaNorthwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710129, Chinapayschenzhiyang@mail.nwpu.edu.cnB.WangNorthwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710129, ChinaNorthwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710129, Chinapays18309250072@163.comTransonic compressor rotor Flow unsteadiness Vortex breakdown Shock wave oscillation.[Adamczyk, J. J., M. L. Celestina, and E. M. Greitzer, (1993). The Role of Tip Clearance in High-Speed Fan Stall. Journal of Turbomachinery 115(1), 28-38.##
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]Effect of Fin Geometry on Flow-Induced Vibration Response of a Finned Tube in a Tube Bundle22An experimental study is carried out on a parallel triangular finned tube array with P/Deff ratio 1.62 to examine the effect of fin geometry on flow-induced vibration response. Fins on a tube increase the heat transfer rate but these also affect the fluid dynamics around the tube. The flow pattern across the finned tubes is complex as compared to bare tube arrays. There are numerous parameters that affect the finned tube vibration subjected to air cross-flow in a tube array. In the current study, some of these parameters i.e. fin thickness and fin density are focused and their effects on flow-induced vibration response are analyzed in different rows of fin tube array. The current experimentation is performed in a subsonic wind tunnel using a single flexible Aluminum finned tube in a rigid array. Seven tubes with similar specifications but distinct fin thickness and fin density are used for the testing purpose. Their amplitude response suggests that the flow-induced vibration behavior is greatly affected by changing the finned tube parameters. It has also been observed during spectral analysis that the Strouhal number is independent of fin geometry since it remained constant in different rows of the array for finned tubes under study. It suggests that the vortex shedding has also contributed towards the finned tube vibration predominantly in the first, second and the fourth row of tube array.11431152H.ArshadDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UETDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UETpayshassanarshadbutt@gmail.comS.KhushnoodDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, 47080, PakistanDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, 47080, Pakistanpaysshahab.khushnood@uettaxila.edu.pkL.Ahmad NizamDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, 47080, PakistanDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, 47080, Pakistanpaysengr.luqmannizam@gmail.comM.Ameer AhsanDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, 47080, PakistanDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, 47080, Pakistanpaysameerahsan748@gmail.comO.Ghufran BhattiDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, 47080, PakistanDepartment of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, 47080, Pakistanpaysozair2222@gmail.comFinned tube bundle Flexible tube Mass ratio Fin geometry Parallel triangular[Austermann, R. and K. Popp (1995). Stability behavior of a single flexible cylinder in rigid tube arrays of different geometry subjected to cross-flow. Journal of Fluids and Structures 9(3): 303-322.##
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