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The Experimental Investigation of Elastic Agitator Effects to Improve Turbulent Energy Transport
Author(s): Tshun Howe Yong, Hiang Bin Chan, S. S. Dol, S. K. Wee, Shaharin Anwar Sulaiman
Keywords: Flexible cylinder, Turbulent intensity, Ultrasonic velocity profiler, Wake
The conventional method to promote mass, momentum and energy transport between fluid particles is to introduce a disturbance to the flow. An ultrasonic velocity profiler, UVP experiment was used to study the mean and fluctuating flow properties in the near wake of the rigid and flexible protruding surface in a water tunnel. In the current study, circular finite cylinders (cantilevers) with various aspect ratios (AR) and materials were used as the geometry of the rigid and protruding surface. The motion of the cylinder alters the fluid flow significantly. The increment of the wake region is due to the weakening of the influence of downwash caused by the stream-wise deflection of the flexible cylinder. As a mean to quantify turbulence, the turbulent intensity, Ti, was studied. In general, the flexible cylinders show better capability in augmenting the turbulence than the rigid cylinder. The normalized amplitude response graph, which records the cross-flow oscillation of the flexible cylinder was also analyzed. Under the same Reynolds number, the turbulence enhancement increases with the structural velocity. An organized oscillating motion is in favor of a higher performance of turbulence enhancement. Aside from that, it also increases the wake region, expanding its effectiveness in mixing, heat transfer capabilities and energy transport.